Although many spellings of the city’s
name exist in various sources, I will use this spelling because it conveys
the Yiddish vocalization of the word the best. When quoting from original
documents, I will use the spelling provided there.
Fishman, Joshua, ed. "Attracting a Following
to High-Culture Functions for a Language of Everyday Life: The Role of
the Tshernovits Language Conference in the ‘Rise of Yiddish.’" by Joshua
Fishman in Never Say Die! A thousand Years of Yiddish in Jewish Life and
Letters. (New York: Mouton Publishers, 1981), p. 375.
Goldsmith, Emanuel S. Modern Yiddish
Culture: The Story of the Yiddish Language Movement. (New York: Shapolsky
Publishers, 1987), p. 183.
I. L. Peretz. "Speech at the 1908 Czernowitz
Language Conference," Selected works of I. L. Peretz. Edited by Marvin
Zuckerman and Marion Herbst. (Pangloss Press, 1996), p. 386
Gold, Ruth Glasberg. Ruth’s Journey:
A Survivor’s Memoir. (Tampa: University Press of Florida, 1996), p. 18.
Pearl Fichman, interview by the author,
New York, May 8, 1998.
Fichman, Pearl. Before Memories Fade.
May 5, 1998), p. 2
Vaisman, Iosif. Phone interview by the
author. Chapel Hill, NC, May 7, 1998.
Sitwell, Sacheverell. Roumanian Journey.
(New York: Oxford University Press, 1992), p. 85.
DeVitte, Elizaveta. Puteviya Vpechatleniya
s istoricheskimi ocherkami, Leto 1903 g., Bukovina i Galichina. [Impressions
from the road with historical essays, Summer 1903, Bukovina and Galicia.]
(translated by the author). (Bridgeport: Carpatho-Russian Literary Association,
1977), p. 18.
Ms. DeVitte would be happy to learn
that in the Soviet times, it was virtually impossible for Jews to gain
admission to the Chernowitz University.
Chalfen, Israel. Paul Celan, a Biography
of His Youth. (New York: Persea Books, 1991), p. 12.
Fichman Pearl. Interview by the author.
(New York, May 8, 1998)
Rabinovitch, Eddie. Interview by the
author. (Upper Saddle River, NJ, April 13, 1998)
Fishman. Never Say Die! pp. 376-7.
Goldsmith, Modern Yiddish Culture,
Fishman,, Ideology, Society, and Language.
Goldsmith, p. 167.
Ibid., p. 168
Goldsmith, p. 123.
Peretz, Itzkhok Leybush. "Education,"
Selected works of I. L. Peretz. Edited by Marvin Zuckerman and Marion Herbst.
Wisse, Ruth R. I. L Peretz and the
Making of Modern Jewish Culture. (Seattle: University of Washington Press,
1991), p. 95.
Goldsmith, p. 142.
Ibid., p. 158.
Ibid., p. 214.
Ibid., p. 216
Yudelson, Larry. "Dylon’s Jewish Writers."
May 10, 1998.
Fishman, Never Say Die!, p. 378.
Birnbaum, Nathan. "Opening Address
at the Conference for the Yiddish Language." In Ideology, Society, and
Language: The Odyssey of Nathan Birnbaum. Fishman, Joshua A. (Ann Arbor:
Karoma Publishers, Inc., 1987), pp. 191-5
Peretz, p. 386.
Ibid., p. 384.
Goldsmith, pp. 200-3
Katz, Dovid. "On Yiddish, in Yiddish,
and for Yiddish: 500 Years of Yiddish Scholarship" in Identity and Ethos:
A Festschrift for Sol Liptzin on the Occasion of His 85th Birthday. Edited
by Mark H. Gelber. (New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 1986), p. 33.
King, Robert D. "Matisyohu Mieses."
History of Yiddish Studies, Winter Studies in Yiddish Volume 3: Papers
from the Third Annual Oxford Winter Symposium in Yiddish Language and Literature,
13-15 December 1987. Edited by Dov-Ber Kerler. (Philadelphia: Harwood Academic
Publishers, 1991), p. 29.
Fishman, Joshua. "The Tshernovits Conference
revisited: The First World Conference for Yiddish, 85 years later" in The
Earliest Stage of Language Planning: The ‘First Congress’ Phenomenon. Edited
by Joshua A. Fishman. (New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1993), p. 325
Weinreich, Max. History of the Yiddish
Language Translated by Shlomo Noble with the assistance of Joshua A. Fishman.
(Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press, 1980), p. 290
Birnbaum, Nathan. "Contra Zionism."
In The Jew in the Modern World: A Documentary History. Edited by Paul Mendes-Flohr
and Jehuda Reinharz. 2nd edition. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995),
Weinreich, Max. History of the Yiddish
Language. Translated by Shlomo Noble with the assistance of Joshua A. Fishman.
(Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1980), p. 294.
"Czernowitz Conference of the Yiddish
Language." In The Jew in the Modern World: A Documentary History. 2nd Edition.
Compiled and edited by Paul Mendes-Flohr and Jehuda Reinharz. (New York:
Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 424-5.
Fishman, The First World Conference
for Yiddish, p. 328.
Virtual Shtetl: http://sunsite.unc.edu/yiddish/